Sunday, May 15, 2011

Another Sign of the Sea Change: Meatless Fridays Reappear in the English-Speaking World

For those who doubt the sea change currently taking place in the Church, a recap of recent events: 

Item: in 2005, an instruction is released reaffirming that homosexuals are disqualified from the Catholic priesthood.
Item: Summorum pontificum is released in 2007, taking the usus antiquior out of the deep freeze.

Item: severe canonical penalties -- including dismissal from the clerical state -- have been imposed on priests guilty of misconduct in recent years, including one of the Franciscans heavily involved in Medjugorje and the priest-founder of the LifeTeen movement.  The whole mechanism for dealing with sexual misconduct has been reformed and streamlined. 

Item: several problem bishops have been unseated in recent months, including one in Australia who has been notorious for being a proponent of flagrant heresy.  No alternative grounds were proffered for the unseating of the Australian bishop (as, for example, in the case of the heretical Matthew Fox, who was expelled from the Order of Preachers on grounds other than heresy).

Item: Rome has just released Universae ecclesiae, a new instruction strengthening Summorum pontificum and making it clear that the Extraordinary Form of the Mass is to be re-introduced into the mainstream of Catholic life.

And now:

Item: the bishops of England and Wales are bringing back the traditional penance of abstinence from meat on all Fridays of the year, starting September 16, 2011 -- the anniversary of Pope Benedict's visit to Britain.

Herewith the text of the bishops' resolution on Friday abstinence, with my emphases (and with all pronouns referring to God capitalized, in accordance with the policy of this blog):
Catholic Witness - Friday Penance  

By the practice of penance every Catholic identifies with Christ in His death on the cross. We do so in prayer, through uniting the sufferings and sacrifices in our lives with those of Christ’s passion; in fasting, by dying to self in order to be close to Christ; in almsgiving, by demonstrating our solidarity with the sufferings of Christ in those in need. All three forms of penance form a vital part of Christian living. When this is visible in the public arena, then it is also an important act of witness.

Every Friday is set aside by the Church as a special day of penance, for it is the day of the death of our Lord. The law of the Church requires Catholics to abstain from meat on Fridays, or some other form of food, or to observe some other form of penance laid down by the Bishops' Conference.

The Bishops wish to re-establish the practice of Friday penance in the lives of the faithful as a clear and distinctive mark of their own Catholic identity. They recognise that the best habits are those which are acquired as part of a common resolve and common witness. It is important that all the faithful be united in a common celebration of Friday penance.

Respectful of this, and in accordance with the mind of the whole Church, the Bishops' Conference wishes to remind all Catholics in England and Wales of the obligation of Friday Penance. The Bishops have decided to re-establish the practice that this should be fulfilled by abstaining from meat. Those who cannot or choose not to eat meat as part of their normal diet should abstain from some other food of which they regularly partake. This is to come into effect from Friday 16 September 2011 when we will mark the anniversary of the visit of Pope Benedict XVI to the United Kingdom.

Many may wish to go beyond this simple act of common witness and mark each Friday with a time of prayer and further self-sacrifice.  In all these ways we unite our sacrifices to the sacrifice of Christ, who gave up His very life for our salvation.
As the bishops point out, we have always been required to practice some penance on Fridays; but who knew it?  In twelve years of Catholic school, I can't recall anybody ever telling me that.  And it was never a good idea to let us pick our own penance.  I will never understand how, at the height of the Cold War and the sexual revolution, and less than two generations away from two world wars, such naïve trust could have been reposed in human nature.  Discipline without accountability is dead.   

Will the bishops in the U.S. follow the example of their English and Welsh brethren?  I certainly hope so.  We lay Dominicans already abstain from meat every Friday of the year, and so are in a position to reassure our fellow countrymen that this practice won't kill anybody.  In fact, we could use some penance and some Christian witness in our hedonistic society every bit as much as our brothers across the Pond.

Besides: who knows where it could lead?  Today, meatless Fridays; tomorrow -- the return of Ascension THURSDAY?  How about restoring all our holy days of obligation to their proper dates, even if it means we have to go to Mass TWO DAYS IN A ROW?????

This also would not kill anybody. 


  1. Excellent post, Anita, and thank you! When I went to grade school in the Stone Age (1950-1958) meatless Fridays were the norm. When the Friday Penance was reiterated some years ago, I just slipped back into the habit I grew up with because it's smoother and easier. How-some-ever, it's easier to forget why I do what I do. But on still the other hand, my favorite pizza joint is run by Orangemen, who tease me about veggie pizza on Friday, and that gives me a chance to remind them and me that giving up meat on Friday is a tiny tiny thing compared to what Jesus Christ did for all of us.
    PS - do you think dinosaur would have been considered meat? (LOLOL)

  2. Thanks, Bob!

    Re brontosaurus-burgers: I had always been taught that dinosaurs were cold-blooded; but then some years ago I saw a documentary where a guy proffered the theory that in fact they were warm-blooded. So since we are to abstain from the flesh of warm-blooded animals, I guess it depends on which theory is right!

    On the other hand, I would classify the "spirit of Vatican II" dinosaurs in the Church as cold-blooded, and so as such would not fall under the Friday exclusion.

  3. So do you find the Ascension non-Thursday argument of there not being enough priests a little disingenuous?

  4. That one I have never heard before. Yes, it sounds like crappola to me!

  5. Good for those biships! I hope (but am not holding my breath) that our Canadian bishops follow suit. I don't think they would dare inconvenience anyone though. Gold old CCCB.

    BTW, I always abstain from meat on every Friday throughout the year.

    I do like the part that says this: those who cannot or choose not to eat meat as part of their normal diet should abstain from some other food of which they regularly partake.

    Makes vegetarians accountable for penance too.

  6. See, PG, you abstain from meat every Friday too...and yet, you live. Abstaining won't kill Canadians, either!

    Re vegetarians: kinda puts me in mind of giving up candy for Lent as a kid -- easy enough to do, when we didn't have candy around the house!

  7. There is a change, even in the language of The Holy Sacrifice Of The Mass, as REAL TRANSLATION, instead of Interpretation, will begin on the 1st Sunday of Advent.
    Et Cum Spiritu Tuo will now be "And With Your Spirit", which is TRUE & NOT Humanistic.
    Dignum Et Justum EST is "IT Is Right & Just".
    Retro is really grand.

  8. Michael, the new translation is definitely a step in the right direction. What currently serves us as a "translation" is really awful and in fact is not a translation at all when it comes to some texts. I think it has done a lot to erode the faith.

  9. Have been doing meatless Fridays for quite a while now. I will have fish, except will not prepare it myself. Yours truly is not, shall we say, a chef. My intake then will be sardines or some other mystery fish in a can. Some of it quite good, actually.

  10. TH2, here's a thought: if you're not a chef, you could actually increase the penitential value of fish Fridays by preparing the fish yourself. The loss of money occasioned by spoiling an otherwise perfectly good portion of fish that you then go on to choke down could be a further penitential bonus.

    It's interesting: a number of people, at least in the blogosphere, have commented that they are already abstaining from meat on Fridays -- and not all of them are doing so pursuant to a rule, like say lay Dominicans. Is abstaining without a requirement a widespread practice? Could this be an example of the sensus fidelium in operation? This should test the true level of libs' devotion to the sensus fidelium, which as a rule they respect when they think it backs up their nut stuff.

  11. " could actually increase the penitential value of fish Fridays by preparing the fish yourself. The loss of money occasioned by spoiling an otherwise perfectly good portion of fish that you then go on to choke down could be a further penitential bonus".

    Lady, you're tough. Nonetheless, you are correct.

    P.S. Already voted in the poll.

  12. TH2, I had a Friday fish penance last week. There's a store deli near where I work that has awesome fried fish on Fridays. The best is when they do tilapia. But last week they did halibut and it came out like fried pencil erasers. I had to throw most of it out.

  13. Fish on Fridays is what I grew up with- and away from as I fell away from the Church. Fortunately, I came to my senses and back to the Church, and fish on Fridays, about 13 years ago. Not a big fan of fish, so it really is a penance!